Phase Three: Shared Story Phase

The fuller picture of developing communities of practice.

Trends from phase two will accelerate. Your identity is enriching outside of the primary COP with the Primary Nurturer. In the primary COP, your identity is becoming quite rich. This enables your Nurture to help you grow in ways that can allow a further enrichment of your identity in other COPs.

Supercharged participation activities to Develop the speec up development of Understanding ability.

Increasingly begin your Supercharged Participation Session by talking an interest in your helper's life. In the more supercharged activities, it is time to move away from dependency on visual support. Listen to stories with which you are familiar-familiar childhood, Biblical stories, plus experiences you have shared with the language helper. Your helper can learn the stories first and then tell them in her own words to you, or read them aloud to you. Host culture stories can be told first in a contact language like English, and then in the new language. This can include more of the your and language helpers lives. Plots of action cartoons and silent moves can be used. Shared activities can be recounted.

Supercharged participation activities to speed the development of Talking ability.

Conversationally 'massage'the familiar stories with discussions of them ranging further and farther. Increasingly discuss personal daily life and previous experiences, telling first person narratives by negotiating meanings. This stage brings you to the point of being able to effectively carry out ethnographic interviewing.

Reading Most Relevant Grammar Issues to be aware of

This is a good point at which to get serious about beginning to develop some “reading fluency”, since familiar stories, once they have been used in their auditory form in language sessions, can provide reasonable quantities of readable material. Such reading can be done as a private activity, reserving time with the language helper for activities that involved listening and creative interaction. At each phase, grammatical details that were encountered rarely in earlier phases become more frequent, making them easier to learn. This happens partly because the nature of the language being used changes, and in part because the volume of input increases. Familiar stories will be fuller, more natural stories, and richer discourse grammar will be coming into play, as the stories are now more “textured” (including giving relevant general background informations, In those days people use to....., and placing some activities in the immediate background, He was picking berries when suddenly....) Devices which signal new paragraphs and other divisions in the stories become common(for example, indications of changes in time and place). It will be some time yet before you will be telling richly structured and highly textured stories, but you will start down that path in telling simple stories. During the process of massaging the stories(this is when you discuss the stories with your language helper in order to clarify what you do not understand), you will be hearing a lot more “expository discourse”, that is language used for abstract, general explanations and abstract topics.

Culture and pragmatics

Some of the stories used could be local ones that are first made familiar through translation. When you use stories that are familiar to you from your own background, as you listen to the language helper retell the story, and understand it more fully by 'massaging'the recording, you will often hear explanations that reflect the language helpers world-view and interpretations. In the area of pragmatics, the lexicarry continues to be a good resource. lexicarry-like strips could be made of local situations. You can tell what you have or would say in certain situations pictured there, and language helper can provide suggestions.

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